Limoges, France, 1841– Cagnes-sur-Mer, France, 1919
Renoir moved to Paris with his family at about the age of four. His family was poor, and the young Renoir contributed to its livelihood by painting designs on porcelain. While studying at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts de Paris and the studio of the Academic painter Charles Gleyre, he became close friends with Monet, Sisley, and Bazille. The paintings of people enjoying themselves at La Grenouillère on the lower Seine that Renoir and Monet produced in 1869 marked the birth of Impressionism. Renoir participated in the first Impressionist Exhibition, organized by the Batignolles Group, who were influenced by Manet, in 1874 and enthusiastically participated in the second (1876) and third (1877) as well. While continuing with Monet to explore the effects of light and air when painting landscapes en plein air, he was also among the Impressionists who were, from early on, interested in life in the city. Early in the 1880s, he traveled to Algeria and Italy. Following that trip, he studied the classical paintings of Ingres and Raphael. It was about then that he married Aline Victorine Charigot, with whom he had three children. In his last years, he lived in Paris and Cagnes-sur-Mer, producing many voluptuous nudes and other paintings of women.
《Mlle Georgette Charpentier Seated》
1876 Oil on canvas